The kitchen or a corner of the garden next to it, where it is not directly exposed to possible gusts of wind, are the best spaces to grow aromatic plants. Aromatic plants are a great option to have and improve the environment at home. They resist hot and cold climates in addition to not needing a very rich soil for their duration and growth. For this reason, they are excellent to set your space with an exquisite aroma and with the particular beauty of each one.
- To grow them it is not necessary to have a very large area of land, nor to invest a lot of money.
- What is important is to choose an area of the garden suitable for each plant. Its color, texture and even its aroma will depend on its correct sowing.
If you are thinking of creating your own garden and growing your favorite herbs or aromatic plants, today we bring you everything you need to know before creating your own garden with them.
Choose a suitable place for aromatic plants.
It is very important to know how to choose the space where we will grow these plants. This place should be as far away as possible from sources of contamination, that is, streets or avenues with a lot of traffic.
Sun exposure is vital for the growth of some plants. Just as some may need several hours of sun a day, others need to always be in the shade. If this is the case, you should choose a place that suits the different plants you have, so that each one receives the right amount of light or shade.
On the other hand, you can make your planting at any time of the year, although it is advisable to avoid doing it on days of extreme heat.
These types of plants are really resistant to strong climates, either hot or cold. However, they must always be protected from very strong winds. Therefore, the chosen space must be a cool place where the air circulates, but not with aggressive gusts of wind.
We recommend choosing the right place that provides sufficient protection, both from wind and excessive cold.
These plants, for the most part, can live normally and flourish in nutrient-poor soils. However, it is essential that they have good drainage, as they are susceptible to excess water.
When creating your plantation it is necessary to dig to a depth of at least 25 centimeters to leave it loose and perfect for later cultivation.
In the event that the soil does not contain as many nutrients as required, organic fertilizer can be used for the different types of soil.
1. Sandy soil.
- Because it is very dry, it is important to provide it with nutrients that help it retain its moisture. You can use: Mulch.
- Worm humus.
2. Clay soil.
Unlike sandy soils, this type of soil has too much water, which would slow down the growth process of the plants and can even damage the plantation.
- It is important to use compost to help with drainage.
- You can use washed sand, it will balance the texture of the clay and help to introduce air into the roots.
3. Mulch or mulch.
Creating this type of soil has many benefits for plants. To do this, the mulch is formed by spreading compost, gravel and pine bark on the soil, just before planting.
This will help the plants need less watering by conserving moisture and reducing the growth of plants or weeds.
When will the plants be ready?
The collection of aromatic plants must be done at the right time, known as balsamic time.
- The balsamic season is the time when the plant has the highest amount of essential oils, nutritional properties and aroma.
- This will depend on many factors such as age and time of harvest.
Normally each plant has its balsamic time in different months, which are distributed as follows:
- March: caper.
- April: dandelion.
- May: sorrel, chamomile, parsley.
- June: mallow, rosemary, sage, thyme, tarragon.
- July: bay leaf, basil, lavender, cumin, mint, oregano, mustard.
- August: onion, garlic, basil, coriander, marjoram, parsley, celery.
- September: calendula, capers, dill.
- October: juniper, mallow.
- November: laurel.
As you have seen in this article, it is not difficult to start your own garden of aromatic plants. Remember that these plants have a large number of health benefits. In addition, by growing them on our own, we make sure that no chemicals, such as fertilizers or pesticides, have been used during their growth.